Crime prevention approaches

Crime prevention refers to the range of strategies that are implemented by individuals, communities, businesses, non-government organisations and all levels of government to target the various social and environmental factors that increase the risk of crime, disorder and victimisation. This includes a variety of approaches, including:

  • social approaches –which focus on the underlying social and economic causes of crime in the community and on limiting the supply of motivated offenders, and include developmental prevention and community development models
  • environmental approaches –which include situational crime prevention techniques and broader urban planning initiatives that seek to modify the physical environment to reduce the opportunities for crime to occur
  • criminal justice approaches –which include programs delivered by police, the courts and corrections, frequently in partnership with a range of other government and non-government partners, and that aim to prevent recidivism among those people who have already engaged in offending behaviour and who have come into contact with the criminal justice system.

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